Explaining Drug Addiction
Drug dependence is a chronic disease sickness portrayed by neurotic or irrepressible drug craving plus use in spite of destructive results and alterations in the brain, which can be long term. These adjustments in the mind can prompt to the hurtful practices found in individuals who take drugs. Substance dependency is also a relapsing illness. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
Addiction influences both behaviour and the brain.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It can, however it is hard. It is not possible for people to overcome drug addiction simply by abstaining from drug use for some days, because drug addiction is chronic. To come back to their old lives and overcome drug addiction totally, many addicts will require repeated or prolonged care periods.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
- quit utilising drugs
- Remaining clean
- be a productive member at work, in society and in the family
Essentials Of Successful Treatment
Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment:
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
- Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
- Successful treatment looks at all the needs of the patient, not simply his/her substance use.
- Going through with the programme is essential.
- Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
- Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
- To make sure the user's most current requirements are met, there is a need for continuous evaluations and adjustments to the treatment regime.
- Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
- Therapeutically helped detoxification is just the primary phase of treatment.
- Treatment doesn't require being voluntary to be successful.
- Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
- A treatment programme must test a patient for hepatitis B and C, TB, HIV/AIDS and other infectious illnesses and educate the patient about things he/she can do to reduce his/her risk of these diseases.
How Drug Dependency Is Treated?
Different steps are involved in effective treatments:
- detoxification (the process through which drug is expelled from the body)
- Psychological therapist
- Medicine (for opioid, tobacco, or liquor enslavement)
- assessment and treatment for co-happening psychological well-being issues, for example, depression and anxiety
- lifelong follow-up in an attempt to prevent relapsing
A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.
Both medical and mental health treatment should be utilized as needed. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
- Withdrawal During rehab, taking some prescription drugs assists in reducing withdrawal reactions. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Preventing A Relapse Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Medications that could be used in treating cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) addiction are being developed by scientists at present. It's really common for addicts to use more than one drug and they will need treatment for each substance.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Psychotherapy assists addicts to:
- Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
- Learn to exercise healthy life skills
- Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
A patient can get treatment in several different environments using different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
Other forms of behavioural therapy available in these program include:
- Cognitive behavioural therapy, which teaches patients how to recognize, avoid, and deal with any situation that will make them more likely to use drugs
- multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
- Motivational interviewing has been used to prepare a patient to accept their problem and wants to change their actions by seeking help
- contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances
Initially, a patient will receive many hours of treatment and will have to frequently attend clinical sessions if they opted for the outpatient therapies. With the detox behind them, the patient is then able to start standard treatment regime coming in for therapy a few hours weekly to make sure they do not relapse.
Inpatient or private treatment can likewise be extremely compelling, particularly for those with more serious issues (including co-happening conditions). Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Benefits of taking an inpatient treatment programme:
- A therapeutic community that is a very structured programme in which a patient stays at a residence, usually for 6 months to a year. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
- Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
- Recuperation lodging gives regulated, brief-span housing for patients, regularly taking after different sorts of inpatient or residential management. Recuperation housing can help individuals make the move to a free life, for instance, helping them figure out how to manage funds or look for business and also interfacing them to bolster services in the group.
Problems Of Re-Admission
Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.