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Symptoms

The Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

An indicator is something the patient feels and explains while a clue is something that others like doctor or friends see in the patient. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.

Substance reliance - when a man is dependent on a substance, for example, a medication, liquor or nicotine, they are not ready to control the utilization of that substance. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).


Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. The person addicted may be willing to stop taking it, but they are not able on their own.


The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.

Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:

  • The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
  • Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
  • There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
  • Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
  • Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
  • Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. Sacrifices might be made in the house financial plan to ensure the substance is as copious as could reasonably be expected.
  • Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
  • Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
  • Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
  • Obsession - figuring out the best way to access their substance and how to use it may occupy a greater part of their time and energy
  • Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
  • Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. Either they do not realise or outright deny they have a problem.
  • Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
  • Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
  • Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
  • Binging - Taking a lot of the substance at the beginning. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
  • Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This might be either on the grounds that the substance disables judgment and the individual goes for broke they would not take in the event that they were calm or with a specific end goal to get hold of the substance they overstep the law.
  • Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
  • Relationship troubles - drug and alcohol addictions can cause a lot of relationship problems.

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Those who are addicted to alcohol and drugs on a technical manner may be exposed to the aforementioned dangers, but the severe urge to consume drugs and the withdrawal symptoms witnessed by an addict may not be present.